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Iraq's refugees: exit from the state

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This article examines mass refugee movements affecting Iraq and neighbouring states as a result of invasion, occupation and the fragmentation of Iraqi society. The sanctions regime of the 1990s produced widespread immiseration. When US officials dismantled much of the Ba'athist state and enforced sweeping policies of economic liberalization millions were faced by a crisis of basic capabilities. This, together with the impact of violence associated with communal conflict, has compelled vast numbers of Iraqis to flee. Using insights from the field of Refugee Studies, Marfleet considers the dynamics of this crisis and what it reveals about the strategies of those who have shaped Iraqi life under occupation.

Keywords: United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees/UNHCR; de-Ba'athification; forced migrants; neo-liberalism; occupation of Iraq; refugees; sectarianism

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: University of East London.

Publication date: 2007-10-19

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  • The International Journal of Contemporary Iraqi Studies is a new peer-reviewed, tri- annual, academic publication devoted to the study of modern Iraq. In recognition of Iraq's increasingly important position on the world stage, the time is right for a new journal dedicated to scholarly engagement with the country.
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