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The Woman in the Window: Esther Bubley Invents Noir

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World War II provided many working and lower middle class women with the possibility of a more independent lifestyle as the war effort demanded their labour. Hired by the Office of War Information, photographer Esther Bubley documented the lives of these uprooted women flocking to big cities in search of jobs. But her pictures didn't just document the realities of work and leisure. As Paula Rabinowitz suggests, she also came to invent the icons of female pulp modernism.

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: Professor at the Department of English, University of Minnesota. Her research interests include film, Marxist and feminist theories, and working class and minority writers.

Publication date: February 1, 2003

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