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Americanisation and anti-Americanism at the periphery. Nicaragua and the Sandinistas

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Abstract:

Anti-Americanism in Nicaragua arose from a dialectical relationship between US power and influence and opposition to it. The expressions of anti-Americanism were directed against American power and intervention and not towards some of the shared values such as liberty, self-determination and democracy. The Sandinista revolution was largely successful because it coalessed around a ‘coalition of revulsion’ against the US client regime. It resisted both the US economic presence and its overbearing culture, attitudes, diplomacy and disproportionate influence. North Americans were widely regarded as the champions of democracy, liberty and self-determination. When those narratives did not accord with the experience of those who encountered US power, and when that power was perceived as creating economic dependencies or supporting political authoritarianism it fermented strong resentment. US attitudes further polarised the situation, giving rise to an identity politics based on caricature, exclusion, fundamental essences and intolerance.

Keywords: Anti-Americanism; Intervention; Nicaragua; Sandinistas; US Foreign Policy

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1386/ejac.23.2.111/0

Affiliations: De Montfort University, UK

Publication date: September 1, 2004

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  • The European Journal of American Culture (EJAC) is an academic, refereed journal for scholars, academics and students from many disciplines with a common involvement in the interdisciplinary study of America and American culture, drawing on a variety of approaches and encompassing the whole evolution of the country.
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