Americanisation and anti-Americanism at the periphery. Nicaragua and the Sandinistas
Anti-Americanism in Nicaragua arose from a dialectical relationship between US power and influence and opposition to it. The expressions of anti-Americanism were directed against American power and intervention and not towards some of the shared values such as liberty, self-determination and democracy. The Sandinista revolution was largely successful because it coalessed around a ‘coalition of revulsion’ against the US client regime. It resisted both the US economic presence and its overbearing culture, attitudes, diplomacy and disproportionate influence. North Americans were widely regarded as the champions of democracy, liberty and self-determination. When those narratives did not accord with the experience of those who encountered US power, and when that power was perceived as creating economic dependencies or supporting political authoritarianism it fermented strong resentment. US attitudes further polarised the situation, giving rise to an identity politics based on caricature, exclusion, fundamental essences and intolerance.
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Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: De Montfort University, UK
Publication date: 2004-09-01
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