Possibility of nuclear desalination through various membrane distillation configurations: a comparative study
Authors: Khayet, M.; Godino, M.P.; Mengual, J.I.
Source: International Journal of Nuclear Desalination, Volume 1, Number 1, 9 September 2003 , pp. 30-46(17)
Publisher: Inderscience Publishers
Abstract:Three membrane distillation processes, direct contact membrane distillation, sweeping gas membrane distillation and vacuum membrane distillation, have been experimentally studied in a shell‐and‐tube capillary membrane module. Preliminary experiments were conducted using distilled water and sodium chloride aqueous solutions as feed. The effects of the operating parameters ‐ flow rate, temperature and salt concentration ‐ have been investigated. A theoretical analysis that considers the heat and mass transfer through microporous hydrophobic membrane has been developed. A comparative study was made between the three membrane distillation configurations. Membrane distillation can be an alternative for liquid nuclear waste treatment.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: September 9, 2003