Application of gold and silver colloidal nanoparticles for the surface-enhanced Raman spectrometric analysis of melamine and 4-aminobiphenyl
Source: International Journal of Environmental Technology and Management, Volume 16, Numbers 1-2, December 2013 , pp. 3-20(18)
Publisher: Inderscience Publishers
Abstract:Colloidal nanoparticles of gold and silver were used in Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering (SERS) analysis of melamine and 4-aminobiphenyl. Gold colloids allowed the SERS detection of melamine at levels below 0.1 μg/L using a previously unreported SERS peak at 275 cm−1 and yielded better detection limits compared to silver colloids. For 4-aminobiphenyl, the detection limits were found to be similar for both colloids at 0.05-0.1 mg/L. Analysis by transmission electron microscopy showed that the morphology of both Ag and Au nanoparticles were uniformly spherical with average diameters that were 69.3 ± 23.1 nm and 41.6 ± 19.1 nm, respectively. The SERS spectral intensities of both compounds were found to increase as the sample pH increased. The optimal signals were obtained at pH = 8.5 for 4-aminobiphenyl and pH = 11.5 for melamine. The enhancement factors for the determination of melamine are in range of 3.5 × 104-6.3 × 104 for the silver colloid and 5.2 × 107-2.1 × 109 for the gold colloid.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: Department of Chemistry, Middle Tennessee State University, Murfreesboro, Tennessee, TN 37132, USA. 2: Department of Chemistry, Middle Tennessee State University, Murfreesboro, Tennessee, TN 37132, USA
Publication date: December 1, 2013
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