Based on the large eddy simulation (LES) and Lighthill acoustic analogy (LAA) methods, a hybrid simulation technique, so-called LESâ–“LAA, for improving wind buffeting noises generated by opening rear windows of a running vehicle is presented in this article. The wind
buffeting noises are simulated by the LESâ–“LAA and experimentally verified. Some factors affecting the wind buffeting noise, such as vehicle speed and window opening scale, are investigated. To decrease the wind buffeting noises, some attempts are made by attaching absorption
materials in the compartment and mounting a plexiglass baffle at an appropriate position for reducing wind noise. The results show that the calculation errors on the sound pressure level (SPL) of the LESâ–“LAA are less than 2%. The SPL of wind noise reaches a maximum value
at a rear-window opening scale of 42% and is positively correlated to the vehicle speed. The wind buffeting noise of opening windows on both sides is lower than that of opening one. After mounting the baffle, the reduction of interior noise reaches to 27.26 dB. A conclusion is drawn that the
proposed LESâ–“LAA method and the buffeting noise control measures are accurate, effective and feasible, which may be directly applied to vehicles and have potential for solving other aeroacoustic engineering problems.
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Document Type: Research Article
School of Automotive Engineering, Shanghai University of Engineering Science, China
Publication date: 01 November 2017
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