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Siddhartha, Husserl, and Neurophenomenology

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The phenomenological investigations of Siddhartha Gautama and Edmund Husserl arrive at the exact same conclusion concerning a fundamental and invariant structure of consciousness. Namely, that object-directed consciousness has a transcendental correlational intentional structure, and that this is fundamental -- in the sense of basic and necessary--to all object-directed experiences. This example of converging lines of evidence strongly suggests that phenomenology can indeed produce truths about consciousness, and thus that phenomenology has a rightful place in a science of consciousness. However, Siddhartha challenges cognitive science's mainstream presuppositions concerning what the purpose of phenomenology is and what it means to study and understand consciousness.

Keywords: Buddhism; Husserl; Siddhartha Gautama; consciousness; intentionality; neurophenomenology; phenomenology

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Department of Psychology, Neuro-Cognitive Psychology, Ludwig- Maximilians-Universit√§t M√ľnchen, Leopoldstr. 13, 80802, Munich, Germany, Email:

Publication date: 2013-01-01

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