Skip to main content

Emergence, Neither 'True' Nor 'Brute'

Buy Article:

$27.68 plus tax (Refund Policy)


As part of his defence of panpsychism, Strawson introduces the notion of 'brute' emergence, and hints at a contrasting notion of 'true' emergence. Panpsychism is true not least because brute emergence is incoherent. The alternative relation of true emergence is coherent and congruent with panpsychism. Strawson's distinction suggests that panpsychists endorse true (but not brute) emergence, while emergentists endorse brute (but not true) emergence. I show that this yields a false dichotomy, which wrongly associates traditional emergentism with an implausible notion of emergence. I clarify the nature and purpose of true and brute emergence, and I argue that traditional emergentists should reject both of them.

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Email:

Publication date: 2012-01-01

  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more