Skip to main content

How to Improve on Heterophenomenology: The Self-Measurement Methodology of First- Person Data

Buy Article:

$27.68 plus tax (Refund Policy)


Heterophenomenology is a third-person methodology proposed by Daniel Dennett for using first-person reports as scientific evidence. I argue that heterophenomenology can be improved by making six changes: (i) setting aside consciousness, (ii) including other sources of first-person data besides first-person reports, (iii) abandoning agnosticism as to the truth value of the reports in favor of the most plausible assumptions we can make about what can be learned from the data, (iv) interpreting first-person reports (and other first-person behaviours) directly in terms of target mental states rather than in terms of beliefs about them, (v) dropping any residual commitment to incorrigibility of first-person reports, and (vi) recognizing that third-person methodology does have positive effects on scientific practices. When these changes are made, heterophenomenology turns into the self-measurement methodology of first- person data that I have defended in previous papers.

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Philosophy Department, University of Missouri, 599 Lucas Hall (MC 73), 1 University Blvd., St. Louis, MO 63121-4400, USA., Email:

Publication date: January 1, 2010


Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more