This article shows that core ideas of Hobbes's argument for civil authority have their sources in commentary on or texts of the Hebraic Bible. These ideas centre on the Hebraic idea of created nature (real, radically contingent and artifactual) and of man (an iconoclast, covenant
maker and artificer). It is further shown that both the eschatological (historical- prophetic) and enlightenment (scientific-materialist) components of Hobbes's philosophy originate in these same biblical ideas. Therefore, the often stressed and accustomed division of Leviathan into a
secular (Parts I and II) and a religious (Parts III and IV) teaching is mistakenly conceived.