THE EMERGENCE OF POLITICAL SCIENCE AS A DISCIPLINE: HISTORY AND THE STUDY OF POLITICS IN AMERICA, 1875-1910

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Abstract:

This article explores the emergence of the American 'political scientist' around the turn of the twentieth century. It first recovers the network of beliefs that ordered the tradition of historico-politics -- an intellectual tradition that in the 1880s constituted a dominant field within newly professionalized American social inquiry. The article then charts the divergent responses of turn-of-the-century scholars to the declining persuasiveness of core organizing beliefs of this tradition, responses through which the earlier field split along now-familiar disciplinary divides, as 'political scientists' emerged with a disciplinary identity distinct from that of 'historians'.

Keywords: Adams, Herbert Baxter; American Historical Association; American Political Science Association; American Political Thought, history of; Burgess, John W; Goodnow, Frank J; Historico-politics; Historiography; History and Science; Political Science, history of; Political history; Social Science, history of; Willoughby, Westel Woodbury; Wilson, Woodrow

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Dept. of Political Science, 210 Barrows Hall, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley CA 94720-1950, USA., Email: adcock@uclink4.berkeley.edu

Publication date: January 1, 2003

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