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A (Cybernetic) Musing: Cybernetics and Human Knowing

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In this column I will approach (a cybernetic interpretation of) the relationship between teaching and learning. I will do so by reference to the concepts of Friedrich Froebel, whose name will be familiar from earlier columns. I shall show that, approximately 125 years before the birth of cybernetics, Froebel was already a (second order) cybernetician in his approach to teaching and learning. Thus I shall bring out not only some concepts I believe to be central to an up-to-date cybernetic understanding of teaching and learning, but also I shall bring another person into the fold of proto-cyberneticians. I have excluded a discussion of implementation from this column. However, having made my point, I hope to return to the matter of implementation shortly.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: CybernEthics Research, 52 Lawrence Road, Southsea, Hants PO5 1NY, UK.

Publication date: 2002-01-01

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