Niklas Luhmann: ‘Sign as Form' — a comment

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‘Sign as Form’ is Niklas Luhmann's attempt to combine systems theory with sign theory by trying to integrate George Spencer-Brown's ‘Laws of Form’. Systems theory operates with two sorts of metaphors representing either the meaning of inside and outside of a form (asymmetry) or both sides of an complementary couple (symmetry) which determine the subsequent arguments. The integration of an included third term, that would complete a semiotic sign, cannot be achieved by operating with dyadic distinctions however. This contribution discovers difficulties that arise from that combination and tries to show how the use of n-valued logic helps to overcome these problems.

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: 2: Email:

Publication date: January 1, 1999

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