The deformation of the ground surface that is produced by frost heave has motivated almost a century of concerted laboratory, field and theoretical studies. Well before the development of equipment capable of resolving the microscopic films that support liquid transport towards growing
ice lenses, early investigators predicted their occurrence and noted their importance. Idealized experiments continue to prompt theoretical advances that have been combined to develop predictive models for the macroscopic frost-heave characteristics that are seen in the field. This contribution
highlights steps on the road to our current understanding of the physical interactions that control how ice forms in unconsolidated porous media.
The Journal of Glaciology is published six times per year. It accepts submissions from any discipline related to the study of snow and ice. All articles are peer reviewed. The Journal is included in the ISI Science Citation Index.