A short history of the thermomechanical theory and modelling of glaciers and ice sheets
Authors: Blatter, Heinz; Greve, Ralf; Abe-Ouchi, Ayako
Source: Journal of Glaciology, Volume 56, Number 200, December 2010 , pp. 1087-1094(8)
Publisher: International Glaciological Society
Abstract:Observations of glacier flow and explanations of its origin started as early as the 18th century. Several mechanisms were suggested before gravity-driven viscous flow became the accepted theory of glacier flow in the 1950s, the early years of the Journal of Glaciology. Since the viscosity of ice is strongly temperature-dependent, the topic of glacier and ice-sheet dynamics became essentially a fluid-dynamical problem. The availability of growing computing power turned the field of glacier mechanics and thermodynamics into a field of numerical modelling with increasing sophistication.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: December 2010
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