The importance of considering depth-resolved photochemistry in snow: a radiative-transfer study of NO2 and OH production in Ny-Ålesund (Svalbard) snowpacks
Authors: France, J.L.; King, M.D.; Lee-Taylor, J.
Source: Journal of Glaciology, Volume 56, Number 198, October 2010 , pp. 655-663(9)
Publisher: International Glaciological Society
Abstract:Solar visible radiation can penetrate 2–30 cm (e-folding depth) into snowpacks and photolyse nitrate anions and hydrogen peroxide contained in the snow. Photolysis rate coefficients, J, for NO−3 and H2O2 photolysis are presented for a melting and a fresh snowpack at Ny-Ålesund, Svalbard. Calculations of (a) transfer velocities, and molecular fluxes of gaseous NO2 from the snowpack and (b) depth-integrated production rates of OH radicals within the snowpack are presented. The results show the importance of considering the depth dependence, i.e. not just the snow surface, when modelling snowpack photochemistry. Neglecting photochemistry under the snow surface can result in an apparent larger molecular flux of NO2 from NO−3 photolysis than the melting snowpack. However, when the depth-resolved molecular fluxes of NO2 within the snowpack are calculated, a larger NO2 flux may be apparent in the melting snowpack than the fresh snowpack. For solar zenith angles of 60°, 70° and 80° the modelled molecular fluxes of NO2 from fresh snowpack are 11.6, 5.6 and 1.7 nmol m−2 h−1, respectively, and those for melting snowpack are 19.7, 9.1 and 2.9 nmol m−2 h−1, respectively.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: October 1, 2010
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