Microseismic activity within a serac zone in an alpine glacier (Glacier d'Argentìere, Mont Blanc, France)

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Abstract:

A passive seismic study was carried out underneath Glacier d'Argentière, Mont Blanc, France, where an array of seismometers was installed in a subglacial access tunnel. The data show a very high emissivity from the glacier. Fracturing can be discriminated from serac falls using the signal characteristics. We apply seismic array methods to locate the sources of these signals, using a two-step grid search in the parameter space. Four clusters of activity are found close to the network, showing that this fracturing does not take place uniformly over the glacier, but rather in isolated small zones. We compute a local magnitude using regional earthquakes for calibration. The magnitudes follow a classical Gutenberg–Richter law in the range ML = −3 to 0.15, showing that no characteristic size events dominate the process. We suggest that those spatial clusters of icequakes could reveal the heterogeneous nature of the friction at the base of the glacier, with patches of high frictional stresses locally generating intense fracturing within the ice mass.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3189/002214308784409053

Publication date: January 1, 2008

More about this publication?
  • The Journal of Glaciology is published six times per year. It accepts submissions from any discipline related to the study of snow and ice. All articles are peer reviewed. The Journal is included in the ISI Science Citation Index.
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