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Ice deformation in the vicinity of the ice-core site at Taylor Dome, Antarctica, and a derived accumulation rate history

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Knowledge of ice flow and strain rate in the vicinity of the Taylor Dome (East Antarctica) ice-core site enhances interpretation of the paleoclimate information from the ice core. We measured surface ice motion by repeated optical and GPS surveys of a network of 253 markers. We developed a robust data reduction method that uses least squares based on singular value decomposition, to simultaneously calculate positions and velocities of these markers in a geocentric coordinate system. Constrained by these surface velocities, we used a finite-element model to compute the modern ice velocity field at depth. As the geometry of Taylor Dome appears to have been steady through the Holocene, we used particle paths from a steady-state model to track ice particles to the ice core from their points of origin on the surface. By removing the effects of path-dependent vertical strain, we derived past accumulation rates at the origin points of those particle paths from measured layer thicknesses in the ice core. Comparison with accumulation rates estimated from concentrations of 10Be and SO4 in the core suggests that significant amounts of snow were lost by wind scouring during the Last Glacial Maximum and at ∼50 kyrBP.

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: July 1, 2007

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  • The Journal of Glaciology is published six times per year. It accepts submissions from any discipline related to the study of snow and ice. All articles are peer reviewed. The Journal is included in the ISI Science Citation Index.
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