Revisiting bulk heat transfer on Peyto Glacier, Alberta, Canada, in light of the OG parameterization
Abstract:A scheme for katabatic turbulent heat transfer proposed by Oerlemans and Grisogono (2002), here referred to as the OG parameterization, is compared with bulk heat-transfer estimates on Peyto Glacier, Alberta, Canada. Automatic weather stations (AWSs) provide off-glacier data to drive the parameterization and glacier data for bulk estimates. Micrometeorological datasets are used to assess two schemes that employ the Monin–Obukhov stability parameter, z/L, to modify logarithmic, or neutral, bulk heat-transfer equations to allow for stability. Both schemes fail at >1 m above the surface, where the AWS sensors are located, unless a modified approach is used in which the stability correction is constant for z/L ≥ 1/3. Then the bulk sensible-heat-flux density falls to ≈0.93 of its neutral estimate at all measurement levels, thus providing a basis for comparison with the parameterization. The results of the comparison are very good, indicating that a one-to-one relationship between bulk and parameterized values can be achieved by optimizing the fit with a background exchange coefficient and, because there is only one off-glacier AWS, using a sinusoidal function to model the diurnal variation of the potential temperature lapse rate.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2004-12-01
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