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Vertical-strain measurements in firn at Siple Dome, Antarctica

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We measured vertical strain in the firn at Siple Dome, Antarctica, using two systems, both of which measure relative displacements over time of metal markers placed in an air-filled borehole. One system uses a metal-detecting tuned coil, and the other uses a video camera to locate the markers. We compare the merits of the two systems. We combine steady-state calculations and a measured density profile to estimate the true vertical-velocity profile. This allows us to calculate a depth–age scale for the firn at Siple Dome. Our steady-state depth–age scale has ages ≈10–15% younger at any given depth when compared to depth–age scales derived by layer counting in a core 40 m away. The age of a visible ash layer at 97 m in the core is 665 ± 30 years, in agreement with a similar analysis conducted at Taylor Dome, Antarctica, where the same ash is also seen, providing an additional dated tie point between the two cores.

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: June 1, 2004

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  • The Journal of Glaciology is published six times per year. It accepts submissions from any discipline related to the study of snow and ice. All articles are peer reviewed. The Journal is included in the ISI Science Citation Index.
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