Greenland ice-sheet mass-balance distribution: a variance analysis of existing field data
Abstract:A large number of mass-balance measurements have been carried out on the Greenland ice sheet, but few of the series obtained are well suited for statistical studies. Rather than looking at the global mass-balance value, this paper deals with the spatial and temporal mass-balance variability on the ice sheet. Two sorts of analysis are possible: direct comparisons of the series measured at a given site, or a broader approach involving comparisons between different sites using variance analysis. For glaciers in the southwest ablation area, a significant interannual variability (around 1.0 m w.e.) is found. This variability is spatially consistent. In the accumulation area, the results are more complex. For example, there is consistent evidence of year-to-year variations on the west-east Expéditions Glaciologiques Internationales au Groenland (EGIG) profile, but other closer sites are weakly correlated. These results emphasize the need for a better coverage of measurements over the entire ice sheet, as well as longer and more continuous measurement series.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2001-06-01
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