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The use of bulk and profile methods for determining surface heat fluxes in the presence of glacier winds

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A one-dimensional second-order closure model and in situ observations on a melting glacier surface are used to investigate the suitability of bulk and profile methods for determining turbulent fluxes in the presence of the katabatic wind-speed maximum associated with glacier winds. The results show that profile methods severely underestimate turbulent fluxes when a wind-speed maximum is present. The bulk method, on the other hand, only slightly overestimates the turbulent heat flux in the entire region below the wind-speed maximum and is thus much more appropriate for use on sloping glacier surfaces where katabatic winds dominate and wind-speed maxima are just a few meters above the surface.

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: June 1, 2000

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  • The Journal of Glaciology is published six times per year. It accepts submissions from any discipline related to the study of snow and ice. All articles are peer reviewed. The Journal is included in the ISI Science Citation Index.
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