Geophysical investigations of ice-sheet internal layering and deformation in the Dome C region of central East Antarctica
Abstract:New maps are presented of three internal ice-sheet radio-echo sounding (RES)layers in the region 73.5–75.75° S,120–127° E (56 000 km2)around Dome C, central East Antarctica. These layers represent horizons of enhanced acidity resulting from volcanic aerosol deposition, identified from analogue RES data. They are continuous over the entire mapped area, and constitute deformation markers in the ice column. Internal RES layers were initially identified from discrete radar power reflection coefficient profiles and subsequently digitized directly from prints of ice-sheet cross-sections, acquired by continuous RES profiling. Georeferenced vector data are used to generate a 5 km gridcell raster of depth for each internal RES layer, as a basis for contour mapping. Ice deformation in the Dome C region is significant because this is the location of the European Project for Ice Coring in Antarctica. Since internal layers are isochronous, the one-dimensional ice-core data at Dome C can be correlated over the survey area to produce a three-dimensional context.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: January 1, 2000
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