The orientation dependence of the strength of ice single crystals
Abstract:Single crystals with a wide variety of orientations were cut from large pucks of laboratory-grown ice. Constant-strain-rate compression tests were performed on the crystals either at an axial strain rate of 1 × 10–5s–1at –20°C or at axial strain rates from 1 × 10–6s–1 to 1 × 10–4s–1 at –10°C. In agreement with previous studies of ice flow, the compression tests showed a linearly rising stress with increasing strain, followed by a sharply declining stress after reaching a peak. With further strain, the sharp decline in stress slowed and the flow stress approached a plateau that was only weakly dependent on strain. For all crystallographic orientations, it was found that Schmid's (critical resolved shear stress) law was obeyed by the peak stress. Slip lines clearly showed that basal slip was the deformation mode.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: January 1, 2000
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