Skip to main content

Strain-rate enhancement at Dye 3, Greenland

Buy Article:

$35.11 plus tax (Refund Policy)


Ice at depth in ice sheets can be softer in bed-parallel shear than Glen's flow law predicts. For example, at Dye 3, Greenland, enhancement factors of 3 4 are needed in order to explain the rate of borehole tilting. Previous authors have identified crystal fabric as the dominant contributor, but the role of impurities and crystal size is still incompletely resolved. Here we use two formulations of anisotropic flow laws for ice (Azuma's and Sachs' models) to account for the effects of anisotropy, and show that the measured anisotropy of the ice at Dye 3 cannot explain all the detailed variations in the measured strain rates. The jump in enhancement across the Holocene-Wisconsin boundary is larger than expected from the measured fabrics alone. Dust and soluble-ion concentration divided by crystal size correlates well with the residual enhancement, indicating that most of the "excess deformation" may be due to impurities or crystal size. While the major features of the deforrnation at Dye 3 are eXplained by anisotropy and temperature, results also suggest that further research into the role of impurities and crystal size is warranted.

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: June 1, 1999

More about this publication?
  • The Journal of Glaciology is published six times per year. It accepts submissions from any discipline related to the study of snow and ice. All articles are peer reviewed. The Journal is included in the ISI Science Citation Index.
  • Editorial Board
  • Information for Authors
  • ingentaconnect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
ingentaconnect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more