Avalanche risk mapping by simulation
Authors: Keylock, Christopher J; McClung, David M; Mar Magnússon, Magnús
Source: Journal of Glaciology, Volume 45, Number 150, June 1999 , pp. 303-314(12)
Publisher: International Glaciological Society
Abstract:In this paper we present a simulation approach to mapping avalanche risk with application to settlements in Iceland. Two simulation models are developed to calculate the probability of avalanches travelling a ccrtain distance, and of the flow being a specific width. Thcsc two simulation models, in combination with knowledge of the average frequency of avalanche occurrence, the variability in avalanche direction and the degree of loss caused by an avalanche, permit risk values to be determined for the areas of concern.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: June 1, 1999
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