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Snow-crystal Growth with Varying Surface Temperatures and Radiation Penetration

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The temperature field is derived for a sinusoidally varying surface temperature with varying solar radiation penetration. The growth rates of snow crystals are calculated to explain the rapidly growing layers of faceted crystals (i.e. depth hoar) that form just below the surface at high altitudes and in polar snow. The solutions also show that a layer of wet snow can exist just below the surface even on days when the surface temperature remains sub-freezing.

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: U.S. Army Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory, Hanover, New Hampshire 03755-1290, U.S.A.

Publication date: January 1, 1989

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  • The Journal of Glaciology is published six times per year. It accepts submissions from any discipline related to the study of snow and ice. All articles are peer reviewed. The Journal is included in the ISI Science Citation Index.
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