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Selective retention in saline ice of extracellular polysaccharides produced by the cold-adapted marine bacterium Colwellia psychrerythraea strain 34H

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The retention of salts in laboratory-grown ice was compared to the retention of extracellular polysaccharide substances (EPS) produced by the cold-adapted marine gammaproteo-bacterium, Colwellia psychrerythraea strain 34H. Saline ice was formed, by means of a cold-finger apparatus, from artificial sea-water solutions containing either native dissolved EPS from strain 34H, the same EPS but heat-treated, or dissolved EPS from the uninoculated growth medium. Results indicated that only the native (unheated) EPS of strain 34H was retained preferentially in the ice. Temperature and volumetric measurements of the ice further suggested a link between the heat-labile fraction of this EPS of marine bacterial origin and potential habitat alteration. Bacterial EPS may join algal EPS in our understanding of how extracellular polymers help to establish and sustain the microbial community that inhabits sea ice.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: May 1, 2011

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  • The Annals of Glaciology is a peer-reviewed, thematic journal published 2 to 4 times a year by the International Glaciological Society (IGS). Publication frequency is determined and volume/issue numbers assigned by the IGS Council on a year-to-year basis and with a lead time of 3 to 4 years. The Annals of Glaciology is included in the ISI Science Citation Index from volume 50, number 50 onwards.

    Themes can be on any aspect of the study of snow and ice. Individual members can make a suggestion for a theme for an Annals issue to the Secretary General, who will forward it to the IGS Publications Committee. The IGS Publication Committee will make a recommendation for an individual themed Annals issue, together with a potential Annals Chief Editor for that issue, to IGS Council. The IGS Council will make the decision whether to proceed, taking into account the spread of topics and the overall capacity for publication of pages in Annals.

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