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The recent evolution of Liligo glacier, Karakoram, Pakistan, and its present quiescent phase

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Liligo glacier, in the central eastern Karakoram, Pakistan, is a small, south-to-north-flowing glacier situated in a transverse valley on the left (south) side of Baltoro glacier. New processing of satellite imagery enables a better quantification of terminus oscillations over the past 30 years. From the beginning of the 1970s to the beginning of the 21st century, Liligo glacier advanced about 2 km (60 m a–1). The progress was characterized by a significant evolution of terminus morphology, similar to that observed on the same glacier during the advance event near the beginning of the 20th century, and to those of many other Karakoram glaciers. This suggests indications of a surge-type mechanism. Field observations performed in 2004 indicated there was probably no confluence at that time between Liligo and Baltoro glaciers and that a quiescent phase had started in the early years of the 21st century.

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: June 1, 2008

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  • The Annals of Glaciology is a peer-reviewed, thematic journal published 2 to 4 times a year by the International Glaciological Society (IGS). Publication frequency is determined and volume/issue numbers assigned by the IGS Council on a year-to-year basis and with a lead time of 3 to 4 years. The Annals of Glaciology is included in the ISI Science Citation Index from volume 50, number 50 onwards.

    Themes can be on any aspect of the study of snow and ice. Individual members can make a suggestion for a theme for an Annals issue to the Secretary General, who will forward it to the IGS Publications Committee. The IGS Publication Committee will make a recommendation for an individual themed Annals issue, together with a potential Annals Chief Editor for that issue, to IGS Council. The IGS Council will make the decision whether to proceed, taking into account the spread of topics and the overall capacity for publication of pages in Annals.

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