Growth of first-year landfast Antarctic sea ice determined from winter temperature measurements
Abstract:Temperature profiles of first-year landfast sea ice have been recorded continuously over the 2003 winter growth season at McMurdo Sound, Antarctica. The temperature gradients in the ice were used to calculate the growth rate due to conductive heat flux, which is shown to account for only part of the total ice growth. Remaining ice growth must be due to a negative oceanic heat flux. Significantly, this oceanic heat flux is shown to occur episodically, sometimes with sustained daily rates in excess of −30 W m−2. There is no direct correlation between oceanic heat flux and water temperature. Times of increased oceanic heat flux do coincide with the appearance of platelet ice in cores, and appear to account for the growth of 35% of the total platelet ice depth measured in ice cores.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: November 1, 2006
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