Growth of first-year landfast Antarctic sea ice determined from winter temperature measurements

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Abstract:

Temperature profiles of first-year landfast sea ice have been recorded continuously over the 2003 winter growth season at McMurdo Sound, Antarctica. The temperature gradients in the ice were used to calculate the growth rate due to conductive heat flux, which is shown to account for only part of the total ice growth. Remaining ice growth must be due to a negative oceanic heat flux. Significantly, this oceanic heat flux is shown to occur episodically, sometimes with sustained daily rates in excess of −30 W m−2. There is no direct correlation between oceanic heat flux and water temperature. Times of increased oceanic heat flux do coincide with the appearance of platelet ice in cores, and appear to account for the growth of 35% of the total platelet ice depth measured in ice cores.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3189/172756406781811853

Publication date: November 1, 2006

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  • The Annals of Glaciology is a peer-reviewed, thematic journal published 2 to 4 times a year by the International Glaciological Society (IGS). Publication frequency is determined and volume/issue numbers assigned by the IGS Council on a year-to-year basis and with a lead time of 3 to 4 years. The Annals of Glaciology is included in the ISI Science Citation Index from volume 50, number 50 onwards.

    Themes can be on any aspect of the study of snow and ice. Individual members can make a suggestion for a theme for an Annals issue to the Secretary General, who will forward it to the IGS Publications Committee. The IGS Publication Committee will make a recommendation for an individual themed Annals issue, together with a potential Annals Chief Editor for that issue, to IGS Council. The IGS Council will make the decision whether to proceed, taking into account the spread of topics and the overall capacity for publication of pages in Annals.

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