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Glacier mass-balance and length variation in Norway

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The importance of glaciers in mainland Norway for runoff is reflected in the extensive glacier measurement record. Mass balance has been measured for 42 glaciers. Length (or front-position) records exist for about 60 glaciers, and nearly half of these are presently measured. The mass-balance and front-position data have been analyzed with respect to spatial and temporal variations. The maritime glaciers with a large annual mass turnover have had a mass surplus between 1962 and 2000. In contrast, the continental glaciers with smaller summer and winter balances had a mass deficit over the same period. Since 2001 all monitored glaciers have had a marked mass deficit. The Norwegian glaciers have all retreated during the 20th century. However, both local and regional variations have been observed. Advances were recorded around 1910, around 1930, in the second half of the 1970s and around 1990. This last advance stopped in most glaciers at the turn of the century.

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: August 1, 2005

More about this publication?
  • The Annals of Glaciology is a peer-reviewed, thematic journal published 2 to 4 times a year by the International Glaciological Society (IGS). Publication frequency is determined and volume/issue numbers assigned by the IGS Council on a year-to-year basis and with a lead time of 3 to 4 years. The Annals of Glaciology is included in the ISI Science Citation Index from volume 50, number 50 onwards.

    Themes can be on any aspect of the study of snow and ice. Individual members can make a suggestion for a theme for an Annals issue to the Secretary General, who will forward it to the IGS Publications Committee. The IGS Publication Committee will make a recommendation for an individual themed Annals issue, together with a potential Annals Chief Editor for that issue, to IGS Council. The IGS Council will make the decision whether to proceed, taking into account the spread of topics and the overall capacity for publication of pages in Annals.

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