The influence of river ice on spring runoff in the Lena river, Siberia
Abstract:The Lena river is one of the four largest rivers flowing into the Arctic Ocean. It has a complicated hydrological system that is affected not only by the amount of precipitation but also by the timing of ice break-up. To determine the mechanisms of runoff formation, a numerical analysis based on modeling was carried out for the period 1986–2000. The results show that (1) the timing of flood rise and peak can be modeled at Tabaga, which represents the upper and central portions of the Lena river; (2) river-freeze processes delay the spring, snowmelt-dominated flood by about 23 days; and (3) the difference between the break-up dates at Tabaga and Kirensk has ranged from several days to >2 months, and a maximum value of 69 days was recorded in spring 1998.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2005-01-01
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