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Ice-lattice distortion along the deepest section of the Vostok core from X-ray diffraction measurements

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We performed X-ray diffraction measurements on eight ice samples taken between 3200 and 3611 m depth of the Vostok (Antarctica) ice core to observe lattice distortions of ice crystals. Selected samples represent three distinct sections of the core: (i) glacier (meteoric) ice with well-preserved climatic record (down to 3310 m), (ii) 'shear zone' at the base of the glacier ice (3450–3537 m) within which the climatic record is disturbed by ice deformation, and (iii) accretion ice formed by freezing of subglacial Vostok lake waters at the base of the ice sheet (from about 3537 m depth to the bottom of the core). The dislocation density decreases from 1012 to 108 m−2 with increasing depth. In the accretion ice, lattice distortion tends to decrease with depth. However, the dislocation density does not reach a level typical for laboratory-grown columnar ice even at 3610 m. This reflects plastic deformation which accretion ice has undergone after its formation.

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: June 1, 2004

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  • The Annals of Glaciology is a peer-reviewed, thematic journal published 2 to 4 times a year by the International Glaciological Society (IGS). Publication frequency is determined and volume/issue numbers assigned by the IGS Council on a year-to-year basis and with a lead time of 3 to 4 years. The Annals of Glaciology is included in the ISI Science Citation Index from volume 50, number 50 onwards.

    Themes can be on any aspect of the study of snow and ice. Individual members can make a suggestion for a theme for an Annals issue to the Secretary General, who will forward it to the IGS Publications Committee. The IGS Publication Committee will make a recommendation for an individual themed Annals issue, together with a potential Annals Chief Editor for that issue, to IGS Council. The IGS Council will make the decision whether to proceed, taking into account the spread of topics and the overall capacity for publication of pages in Annals.

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