High-time-resolution profiles of soluble ions in the last glacial period of a Dome Fuji (Antarctica) deep ice core
Abstract:We measured the depth profiles of soluble ions in the Dome Fuji (Antarctica) ice core to search for possible paleoclimate indications of seasonal climate variations in the last glacial period. A 523 mm long core section between 587.65 and 588.18 m depth was selected for this pilot study, and the high-resolution chemical analysis was done on 2 mm thick samples. Our results indicate that anion–cation trapping in ice affects the profiles of the soluble ions and [Na+] in the core may preserve its seasonal signal. Correlation coefficients and the equivalent balances of the soluble ions suggest the following selective coexistences: (1) [Cl−] = [Na+], (2) [NO3−] = 1/2[Ca2+] + [K+], and (3) [SO42−] = 1/2[Ca2+] + [H+] + [Mg2+]. These coexistences are probably due to (1) a sea-salt source of Na+ and Cl−, (2) reaction of NO3− with dust for Ca2+ and NO3−, and (3) anion–cation trapping in ice for SO42− and Ca2+ (Mg2+), respectively.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: June 1, 2004
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