Geostatistical estimation from radar altimeter data with respect to morphological units outlined by SAR data: application to Lambert Glacier/Amery Ice Shelf, East Antarctica

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Abstract:

The objective of this paper is the comparison of two kriging methods, ordinary kriging and kriging within strata, for calculation of digital elevation models (DEMs) from radar altimeter data, and application to the Lambert Glacier/Amery Ice Shelf system, East Antarctica. Two new DEMs are presented. First, a DEM of the Lambert Glacier/Amery Ice Shelf system is calculated from 1997 European Remote-sensing Satellite-2 (ERS-2) radar altimeter (RA) data using geostatistical interpolation. RA data have high along-track density, but gaps between tracks are several kilometers, depending on the observation mode; this requires interpolation. Because the ice-stream/ice-shelf system is of primary interest in glaciological investigations, in the first approach a variogram characteristic of the Lambert Glacier ice surface is used. The resultant map has low errors for the glacier and the ice shelf. To match the surface characteristics of different morphological units that constitute the Lambert Glacier/Amery Ice Shelf region, a second DEM is constructed as follows: We utilize RADARSAT synthetic aperture radar (SAR) data that were collected in 1997 during the first Antarctic Imaging Campaign and composed into a 125 m backscatter-data mosaic by Jezek (1999) and we co-reference the 125 m mosaic with the altimetry-derived DEM. The Lambert Glacier/Amery Ice Shelf area is then subdivided into several regions which are homogeneous with respect to characteristic surface-morphological properties identified in the SAR mosaic. For those regions, a problem-oriented complex kriging method known as kriging within strata is performed, and the resulting DEM is compared to the DEM that was derived from kriging without regional subdivision.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3189/172756404781814159

Publication date: June 1, 2004

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  • The Annals of Glaciology is a peer-reviewed, thematic journal published 2 to 4 times a year by the International Glaciological Society (IGS). Publication frequency is determined and volume/issue numbers assigned by the IGS Council on a year-to-year basis and with a lead time of 3 to 4 years. The Annals of Glaciology is included in the ISI Science Citation Index from volume 50, number 50 onwards.

    Themes can be on any aspect of the study of snow and ice. Individual members can make a suggestion for a theme for an Annals issue to the Secretary General, who will forward it to the IGS Publications Committee. The IGS Publication Committee will make a recommendation for an individual themed Annals issue, together with a potential Annals Chief Editor for that issue, to IGS Council. The IGS Council will make the decision whether to proceed, taking into account the spread of topics and the overall capacity for publication of pages in Annals.

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