Experimental and numerical study of granular flow and fence interaction
Abstract:Dense snow avalanches are regarded as dry granular flows. This paper presents experimental and numerical modelling of deposition processes occurring when a gravity-driven granular flow meets a fence. A specific experimental device was set up, and a numerical model based on shallow-water theory and including a deposition model was used. Both tools were used to quantify how the retained volume upstream of the fence is influenced by the channel inclination and the obstacle height. We identified two regimes depending on the slope angle. In the slope-angle range where a steady flow is possible, the retained volume has two contributions: deposition along the channel due to the roughness of the bed and deposition due to the fence. The retained volume results only from the fence effects for higher slopes. The effects of slope on the retained volume also showed these two regimes. For low slopes, the retained volume decreases strongly with increasing slope. For higher slopes, the retained volume decreases weakly with increasing slope. Comparison between the experiments and computed data showed good agreement concerning the effect of fence height on the retained volume.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2004-01-01
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