A dislocation-based analysis of the creep of granular ice: preliminary experiments and modeling
Abstract:The nature of the fall-off at lower stresses from power-law behavior to a lower-order stress dependency is of particular interest in glacier and ice-sheet modeling. Preliminary experiments show that the stress level at which the fall-off occurs is a function of the specimen's dislocation density.The analysis employs a dislocation-based model of anelasticity that provides a quantitative relationship between the effective dislocation density and the area of hysteresis loops observed in cyclic loading experiments. Combining this technique with a staged creep experiment makes it possible to calculate the dislocation density as a function of strain, thereby supporting a quantitative dislocation analysis of the deformation process.Work on saline ice established that the threshold stress associated with power-law behavior increased as a result of prior straining, power-law behavior emerged when the effective dislocation density increased measurably during deformation, and approximately linear behavior was evident when the dislocation density remained relatively constant. Those findings motivated the experiments on fresh-water ice presented here. The preliminary experiments show that pre-straining increases the stress associated with the fall-off from power-law behavior, and the results are interpreted in the context of a dislocation-based constitutive model developed for sea ice.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: June 1, 2003
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