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Utilization of 6 × 6 cm format vertical aerial photographs for repetitive mapping of surface morphology and measurement of flow velocities of a small glacier in a remote area: Glaciar Soler, Hielo Patago´nico Norte, Chile

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Using vertical aerial photographs taken manually with a 6 × 6 cm format camera in 1984, 1986 and 1999, the surface morphology of the ablation area of Glaciar Soler, Hielo Patagónico Norte (northern Patagonia icefield), Chile, was studied. Glaciar Soler has an area of 50.9 km2; the ablation area below the icefall is about 7 km long and 2 km wide. An uncontrolled aerial-photographic mosaic for the area below the icefall was assembled from 40-60 aerial photographs, on which the surface morphology was mapped from interpretation of stereo pairs of the enlarged photographs (scales of 1: 4500 to 1: 8000). The mapped features include debris-free and debris-covered ices, ogive bands and waves, crevasses, supraglacial streams, moulins, medial moraines, troughs and grooves. A total of 32-34 pairs of ogive bands were recognized, from which an average flow velocity of about 160 m a-1 was deduced. The spacing of a pair of light and dark ogive bands indicates that the flow velocity ranges from about 350 m a-1 near the icefall to some 100 m a-1 near the snout. Comparison of the field-measured data with the ogive spacing indicates that the seasonal variation in flow velocity of Glaciar Soler is very large, probably because of variation in the amount of basal sliding.

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: 2002-01-01

More about this publication?
  • The Annals of Glaciology is a peer-reviewed, thematic journal published 2 to 4 times a year by the International Glaciological Society (IGS). Publication frequency is determined and volume/issue numbers assigned by the IGS Council on a year-to-year basis and with a lead time of 3 to 4 years. The Annals of Glaciology is included in the ISI Science Citation Index from volume 50, number 50 onwards.

    Themes can be on any aspect of the study of snow and ice. Individual members can make a suggestion for a theme for an Annals issue to the Secretary General, who will forward it to the IGS Publications Committee. The IGS Publication Committee will make a recommendation for an individual themed Annals issue, together with a potential Annals Chief Editor for that issue, to IGS Council. The IGS Council will make the decision whether to proceed, taking into account the spread of topics and the overall capacity for publication of pages in Annals.

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