Retrieval of snow reflectance from Landsat data in rugged terrain
Abstract:We developed a model to calculate the spectral reflectance of snow by normalizing the topographic effect and correcting the atmospheric effect simultaneously. This model considers the shadowing effect of the surrounding terrain on both direct and diffuse irradiance by using the obstruction coefficient in sun-ray direction and introducing the isotropic view factor. In addition, a new method to calculate the surrounding-reflected irradiance by introducing the shape factor which can account for the radiation reflected from the surrounding pixels was developed. The model was tested in the upper stream of the Heihe river basin, Qilian mountains, China, using a subscene of a Landsat Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus (ETM+) image acquired on 20 April 2000. The result showed that the model could eliminate most of the shadowing effect of rugged terrain and could estimate snow reflectance correctly. The problem of data saturation when retrieving snow reflectance is also discussed.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2002-01-01
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