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Retrieval of snow reflectance from Landsat data in rugged terrain

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We developed a model to calculate the spectral reflectance of snow by normalizing the topographic effect and correcting the atmospheric effect simultaneously. This model considers the shadowing effect of the surrounding terrain on both direct and diffuse irradiance by using the obstruction coefficient in sun-ray direction and introducing the isotropic view factor. In addition, a new method to calculate the surrounding-reflected irradiance by introducing the shape factor which can account for the radiation reflected from the surrounding pixels was developed. The model was tested in the upper stream of the Heihe river basin, Qilian mountains, China, using a subscene of a Landsat Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus (ETM+) image acquired on 20 April 2000. The result showed that the model could eliminate most of the shadowing effect of rugged terrain and could estimate snow reflectance correctly. The problem of data saturation when retrieving snow reflectance is also discussed.

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: 2002-01-01

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  • The Annals of Glaciology is a peer-reviewed, thematic journal published 2 to 4 times a year by the International Glaciological Society (IGS). Publication frequency is determined and volume/issue numbers assigned by the IGS Council on a year-to-year basis and with a lead time of 3 to 4 years. The Annals of Glaciology is included in the ISI Science Citation Index from volume 50, number 50 onwards.

    Themes can be on any aspect of the study of snow and ice. Individual members can make a suggestion for a theme for an Annals issue to the Secretary General, who will forward it to the IGS Publications Committee. The IGS Publication Committee will make a recommendation for an individual themed Annals issue, together with a potential Annals Chief Editor for that issue, to IGS Council. The IGS Council will make the decision whether to proceed, taking into account the spread of topics and the overall capacity for publication of pages in Annals.

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