The Arctic Ocean Circulation as simulated in a very high-resolution global ocean model (OCCAM)
Abstract:To investigate the Arctic Ocean Circulation, results from a high-resolution fully global ocean model have been analyzed. The results come from two runs of the Ocean Circulation and Climate Advanced Modelling project (OCCAM) model, developed and run by the Southampton Oceanography Centre, at 1/4° × 1/4° and 1/8° × 1/8° resolution. The model is based on the Bryan–Semtner–Cox model and has 36 vertical levels. Enhancements include a free surface, an improved advection scheme and an improved treatment of the surface fresh-water flux. The model is forced with a monthly European Centre for Medium-range Weather Forecasts wind-stress climatology. It reproduces many of the fine-scale features found in the Arctic Ocean. The analysis concentrates on several of the key features, including the highly energetic eddy system in the western part of the Beaufort Sea, East Greenland West and Spitsbergen Currents and the detailed structure of the marginal currents along the Siberian and Canadian coasts. Much of the paper is focused on the water transport through the Bering and Fram Straits and through the Canadian Archipelago. Comparisons of the model net fluxes through the straits against observations are presented. The analyses of the results demonstrate the ability of the fine-resolution model to simulate features such as small-scale eddies and jets, which have some agreement with the limited observations available.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2001-01-01
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