Observation of sea-ice thickness fluctuation in the seasonal ice-covered area during 1992–99 winters
Abstract:Sea-ice fluctuations in the Sea of Okhotsk and the Bering Sea during the winters of 1992–99 were investigated by using the Special Sensor Microwave/Imager dataset and a new ice-property retrieval algorithm. This algorithm can distinguish between ice types such as fast ice, floes, young ice and new ice, in an area covered by concentrations of >80% ice, and also has improved display resolution because it uses one of the 85 GHz channels. The ice thicknesses derived from the ice-thickness parameter of the new algorithm were compared with ship-based ice-thickness measurements, and were assumed to be 1–10, 11–34, 35–85 and 86–120 cm for new ice, young ice, floes (first-year ice) and fast ice, respectively. The results showed that ice volume can be small even if the ice area is large, due to thinness of the ice (e.g. in 1999 in the Sea of Okhotsk). A significant out-of-phase response, i.e. ice volume is larger in the Sea of Okhotsk when ice volume is smaller in the Bering Sea, was observed. The period of this see-saw showed two different time-scales, which were short (1 week) and long (2–4 weeks).
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: January 1, 2001
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