Lifetime estimation for a land-fast ice sheet subjected to ocean swell
Abstract:It is well known that an incoming ocean swell produces a strain field in a land-fast ice sheet. The attenuation and spectral content of this strain field can be calculated and has been measured. The response of the sea ice to this type of cyclic forcing has also been measured, and in particular we are able to estimate the number of cycles to failure for sea ice loaded at constant amplitude. In this paper we consider the response of the land-fast ice sheet or vast floe to a measured ice-coupled wave field of variable amplitude. We use the Palmgren–Miner cumulative damage law and stress–lifetime curves taken from field experiments to predict the lifetime of the sea-ice sheet as a function of significant wave height and sea-ice brine fraction. Calculations are performed to account for the swell entering a land-fast sea-ice sheet at arbitrary angle, and the influence of c-axis alignment and the presence of pre-existing cracks are discussed.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: January 1, 2001
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