Indirect measurements of the mass balance of summer Arctic sea ice with an electromagnetic induction technique
Abstract:In the framework of the Surface Heat Budget of the Arctic (SHEBA) study, indirect, non-invasive ice mass-balance measurements were carried out at a drifting station in the northern Chukchi Sea between May and August 1998. Ice thickness was derived from electromagnetic induction (EM) measurements of apparent conductivity along13 profiles (60–900 m long). As shown through sensitivity studies with a one-dimensional model, the apparent conductivity data from individual points can be inverted to yield estimates of ice thickness and ablation with an accuracy of approximately 0.05 m (for 2 m thick level ice). Ablation rates were 8–18 mm d−1, with total ablation amounting to roughly 0.9–1.2 m. Measurements of thickness and melt rates along different profiles in undeformed multi-year ice corresponded closely, indicating that the sampling statistics are adequate. The roughness of undeformed ice has been found to increase during the summer due to deepening of melt ponds and enhanced bottom melt. Ice under melt ponds was disproportionately thinner, most likely a result of thicker snow cover reducing winter accretion.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: January 1, 2001
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