Sea-ice thickness and roughness in the Ross Sea, Antarctica
Abstract:Sea-ice thickness and roughness data collected on three cruises in the Ross Sea, Antarctica, showed interseasonal, regional and interannual variability. Variability was reduced to season, or age of ice floe, when sea-ice roughness values from around Antarctica were compared. There were statistically significant correlations between mean snow elevation and mean ice thickness; snow surface roughness and mean ice thickness; and snow surface roughness and ice bottom roughness, which appeared to be independent of season, geographical location and deformation history of ice floes. Our field data indicate that ice thickness can be predicted from snow elevation measurements with higher accuracy in summer. The feasibility of using snow surface roughness to infer ice thickness and ice bottom roughness is promising, and can provide us with a means to study the thickness and underside of Antarctic sea ice at good spatial and temporal resolution.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: January 1, 2001
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