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Sea-ice thickness and roughness in the Ross Sea, Antarctica

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Sea-ice thickness and roughness data collected on three cruises in the Ross Sea, Antarctica, showed interseasonal, regional and interannual variability. Variability was reduced to season, or age of ice floe, when sea-ice roughness values from around Antarctica were compared. There were statistically significant correlations between mean snow elevation and mean ice thickness; snow surface roughness and mean ice thickness; and snow surface roughness and ice bottom roughness, which appeared to be independent of season, geographical location and deformation history of ice floes. Our field data indicate that ice thickness can be predicted from snow elevation measurements with higher accuracy in summer. The feasibility of using snow surface roughness to infer ice thickness and ice bottom roughness is promising, and can provide us with a means to study the thickness and underside of Antarctic sea ice at good spatial and temporal resolution.

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: 2001-01-01

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  • The Annals of Glaciology is a peer-reviewed, thematic journal published 2 to 4 times a year by the International Glaciological Society (IGS). Publication frequency is determined and volume/issue numbers assigned by the IGS Council on a year-to-year basis and with a lead time of 3 to 4 years. The Annals of Glaciology is included in the ISI Science Citation Index from volume 50, number 50 onwards.

    Themes can be on any aspect of the study of snow and ice. Individual members can make a suggestion for a theme for an Annals issue to the Secretary General, who will forward it to the IGS Publications Committee. The IGS Publication Committee will make a recommendation for an individual themed Annals issue, together with a potential Annals Chief Editor for that issue, to IGS Council. The IGS Council will make the decision whether to proceed, taking into account the spread of topics and the overall capacity for publication of pages in Annals.

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