A transition in dry-snow slab avalanche triggering modes
Abstract:We show that two different types of dry-snow slab avalanches may result from a tensile failure of the slab crown triggered by either a quasi-static or an unstable shear propagation of a basal crack at the slab/substrate interface. The triggering conditions for both modes are derived analytically. The latter only takes place if the depth of the top layer is above a critical value, and in "window" centred around a critical slope of 35.3°, if residual friction on the basal crack surfaces is neglected. The width of this window increases with snow thickness. The introduction of a residual friction on the basal crack surfaces increases the critical slope.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2001-01-01
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