Intercomparison of subglacial sediment-deformation models: application to the Late Weichselian western Barents margin
Abstract:Numerical experiments, where a simple ice-sheet model was coupled with sediment-deformation models, were performed to investigate the transport of glacigenic material to the western Barents Shelf during the Late Weichselian. The ice-sheet model, and its environmental inputs, has been matched previously with a series of geological datasets relating to the maximum extent of the ice sheet (Howell and others, http://www.ggg.qub.ac.uk [rp05/1999]). Additional geological data on the volumes of sediment delivered to the Bear Island fan (Barents continental margin) are available for comparison. The experiments indicate the sensitivity of sediment transport and deposition to variations in (a) the ice-stream model and (b) a variety of model parameters. Two ice-stream models were used: (1) a height-above-buoyancy model, in which basal velocity is controlled by basal driving stress and a buoyancy-induced reduction in the normal load beneath a marine-based ice sheet; and (2) a modified version of the method presented by Alley (1990) in which basal velocity is related to pore-water pressure, sediment thickness, and driving basal stress. The results of the two different models were then compared. An extensive set of sensitivity tests was carried out to determine sediment-transport response to changes in the model's parameters. Results indicate that, using physically realistic parameters for deforming subglacial sediment, both models reproduce the volume of Late Weichselian sediment measured on the Bear Island fan. Results from both models are sensitive to (1) cohesion of the sediment and (2) the thickness of deforming sediment beneath the ice sheet. The two models exhibited different degrees of sensitivity to the sediment parameters, with the height-above-buoyancy model proving to be less sensitive to variations in the thickness of the deforming sediment layer than the model proposed by Alley (1990). The differences between the two models examined here highlight the need for a comprehensive comparison of all the methodologies for calculating basal-ice motion currently in use.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: January 1, 2000
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