Skip to main content

Material update procedure for planar transient flow of ice with evolving anisotropy

The full text article is not available for purchase.

The publisher only permits individual articles to be downloaded by subscribers.


A flow law for polar ice is derived, which takes into account the effect of deformation-induced anisotropy due to hexagonal single-crystal symmetry. Attention is focused on the main effect of crystal-lattice rotation. Existence of a continuous so-called orientation-distribution function, ODF, for the crystals is assumed. With its help the micro-scale constitutive behaviour is transformed to the large-scale. This transformation is simplified by imposing different consistency conditions (CC) due to Voigt–Taylor (VT) and Sachs–Reuss (SR), respectively. Here we take the grain interaction into account by linearly combining the VT and the SR conditions, i.e. by one additional parameter determining the relative weight of the two. A coupled finite-element–finite-volume approach is used to account for fabric evolution at the ice-sheet scale. For different CC, VT and SR, an orientation update is derived for planar flow, which results in only three additional degrees of freedom at each finite-element integration point to account for orthotropic material symmetry. Computations for the GRIP-core data demonstrate that a better fit can be obtained than with VT or SR alone.

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: 2000-01-01

More about this publication?
  • The Annals of Glaciology is a peer-reviewed, thematic journal published 2 to 4 times a year by the International Glaciological Society (IGS). Publication frequency is determined and volume/issue numbers assigned by the IGS Council on a year-to-year basis and with a lead time of 3 to 4 years. The Annals of Glaciology is included in the ISI Science Citation Index from volume 50, number 50 onwards.

    Themes can be on any aspect of the study of snow and ice. Individual members can make a suggestion for a theme for an Annals issue to the Secretary General, who will forward it to the IGS Publications Committee. The IGS Publication Committee will make a recommendation for an individual themed Annals issue, together with a potential Annals Chief Editor for that issue, to IGS Council. The IGS Council will make the decision whether to proceed, taking into account the spread of topics and the overall capacity for publication of pages in Annals.

    Beginning in 2016, content will be available at

  • Editorial Board
  • Information for Authors
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more