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Familial classification of the Boraginales

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The Boraginales are now universally accepted as monophyletic and firmly placed in Lamiidae. However, a consensus about familial classification has remained elusive, with some advocating recognition of a single, widely variable family, and others proposing recognition of several distinct families. A consensus classification is proposed here, based on recent molecular phylogenetic studies, morphological characters, and taking nomenclatural stability into consideration. We suggest the recognition of eleven, morphologically well-defined and clearly monophyletic families, namely the Boraginaceae s.str., Codonaceae, Coldeniaceae fam. nov., Cordiaceae, Ehretiaceae, Heliotropiaceae, Hoplestigmataceae, Hydrophyllaceae, Lennoaceae, Namaceae, and Wellstediaceae. Descriptions, synonomy, a taxonomic key, and a list of genera for these eleven families are provided, including the new family Coldeniaceae (monogeneric) and Namaceae (segregated from Hydrophyllaceae and comprising Nama, Eriodictyon, Turricula, and Wigandia), the latter necessitating a revised circumscription of a more morphologically coherent Hydrophyllaceae.
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Keywords: ANGIOSPERMS; BORAGINACEAE; BORAGINALES; CLASSIFICATION; FAMILY; PLANT TAXONOMY

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Universität Bonn, Nees-Institut für Biodiversität der Pflanzen, Meckenheimer Allee 170, 53115 Bonn, Germany, Universidad de Chile, Departamento de Silvicultura y Conservación de la Naturaleza, Santiago, Chile 2: Università di Firenze, Museo di Storia Naturale, sezione botanica "Filippo Parlatore", Via G. La Pira 4, 50121 Florence, Italy 3: 50121 Florence, Italy 4 Jodrell Laboratory, Kew Botanical Gardens, Richmond, Surrey, TW9 3DS, U.K 4: Department Biologie, Systematische Botanik und Mykologie, GeoBio-Center, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Menzinger Str. 67, 80638 Munich, Germany 5: Santa Barbara Botanic Garden, 1212 Mission Canyon Road, Santa Barbara, California 93105, U.S.A 6: Rancho Santa Ana Botanic Garden, 1500 N College Ave, Claremont, California 91711, U.S.A 7: Freie Universität Berlin, Institut für Biologie-Botanik, Altensteinstraße 6, 14195 Berlin, Germany 8: Missouri Botanical Garden, P.O. Box 299, St. Louis, Missouri 63166-0299, U.S.A 9: Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Geobotanik - Gebäude ND 03/170, Universitätsstrasse 150, 44780 Bochum, Germany 10: Biodiversity and Conservation Network (BIOCONNET), Department of Environmental Sciences, University of Siena, via P.A. Mattioli 4, 53100 Siena, Italy 11: Botanisches Institut und Botanischer Garten, Universität Kiel, 24098 Kiel, Germany 12: Department of Biology, Box 355325, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195, U.S.A 13: Università di Firenze, Dipartimento di Scienze delle Produzioni Agroalimentari e dell'Ambiente (DISPAA), Laboratorio di Botanica, P. le delle Cascine 28, 50144 Florence, Italy 14: Department of Biology, San Diego State University, San Diego, California 92182, U.S.A 15: Department of Botany, Moravian Museum, Hviezdoslavova 29a, 627 00, Brno, Czech Republic 16: Universidad de Sevilla, Departamento de Biología Vegetal y Ecología, Avda. Reina Mercedes s/n, 41012 Sevilla, Spain 17: Department of Integrative Biology, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720, U.S.A 18: Universität Bonn, Nees-Institut für Biodiversität der Pflanzen, Meckenheimer Allee 170, 53115 Bonn, Germany;, Email: [email protected]

Publication date: 01 June 2016

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