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Global legume diversity assessment: Concepts, key indicators, and strategies

Authors: Yahara, Tetsukazu1; Javadi, Firouzeh2; Onoda, Yusuke3; de Queiroz, Luciano Paganucci4; Faith, Daniel P.5; Prado, Darién E.6; Akasaka, Munemitsu7; Kadoya, Taku8; Ishihama, Fumiko8; Davies, Stuart9; Slik, J.W. Ferry10; Yi, Tingshuang11; Ma, Keping12; Bin, Chen13; Darnaedi, Dedy14; Pennington, R. Toby15; Tuda, Midori16; Shimada, Masakazu17; Ito, Motomi17; Egan, Ashley N.18; Buerki, Sven19; Raes, Niels20; Kajita, Tadashi21; Vatanparast, Mohammad21; Mimura, Makiko2; Tachida, Hidenori2; Iwasa, Yoh2; Smith, Gideon F.22; Victor, Janine E.23; Nkonki, Tandiwe23

Source: Taxon, Volume 62, Number 2, 20 April 2013 , pp. 249-266(18)

Publisher: International Association for Plant Taxonomy

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Abstract:

While many plant species are considered threatened under anthropogenic pressure, it remains uncertain how rapidly we are losing plant species diversity. To fill this gap, we propose a Global Legume Diversity Assessment (GLDA) as the first step of a global plant diversity assessment. Here we describe the concept of GLDA and its feasibility by reviewing relevant approaches and data availability. We conclude that Fabaceae is a good proxy for overall angiosperm diversity in many habitats and that much relevant data for GLDA are available. As indicators of states, we propose comparison of species richness with phylogenetic and functional diversity to obtain an integrated picture of diversity. As indicators of trends, species loss rate and extinction risks should be assessed. Specimen records and plot data provide key resources for assessing legume diversity at a global scale, and distribution modeling based on these records provide key methods for assessing states and trends of legume diversity. GLDA has started in Asia, and we call for a truly global legume diversity assessment by wider geographic collaborations among various scientists.

Keywords: DISTRIBUTION MODEL; EXTINCTION RISK; FABACEAE; FUNCTIONAL DIVERSITY; GENETIC DIVERSITY; PHYLOGENETIC DIVERSITY; SPECIES LOSS

Document Type: Review Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12705/622.12

Affiliations: 1: Center for Asian Conservation Ecology, Kyushu University, 6-10-1 Hakozaki, Fukuoka 812-8581, Japan, Department of Biology, Kyushu University, 6-10-1 Hakozaki, Fukuoka 812-8581, Japan;, Email: tet.yahara@gmail.com 2: Department of Biology, Kyushu University, 6-10-1 Hakozaki, Fukuoka 812-8581, Japan 3: Graduate School of Agriculture, Kyoto University, Oiwake, Kitashirakawa, Kyoto 606-8502, Japan 4: Department of Biological Sciences, Feira de Santana State University, Av. Transnordestina s.n., Feira de Santana, 44036-900 Brazil 5: The Australian Museum, 6 College Street, Sydney, New South Wales 2010, Australia 6: Cátedra de Botánica, Facultad de Ciencias Agrarias, UNR, C.C. Nº 14, S2125ZAA Zavalla, Argentina 7: Laboratory of Wildlife Biology, School of Agriculture and Life Sciences, University of Tokyo, Tokyo 113-8656, Japan 8: Environmental Biology Division, National Institute for Environmental Studies, 16-2 Onogawa, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8506, Japan 9: CTFS-SIGEO, Smithsonian Institution, P.O. Box 37012, Washington, D.C. 20013-7012, U.S.A. 10: Plant Geography Lab, Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Menglun, Mengla, Yunnan 666303, China 11: Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lan Hei Road No. 132, Kunming, Yunnan 650204, P.R. China 12: Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanxincun No. 20, Xiangshan, Beijing 100093, P.R. China 13: Reference and Information Services Centre, Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanxincun No. 20, Xiangshan, Beijing 100093, P.R. China 14: Research Center for Biology, Indonesian Institute of Sciences, Jl Juanda 18, Bogor 16122, Indonesia 15: Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 20a Inverleith Row, Edinburgh EH3 5LR, U.K. 16: Institute of Biological Control, Faculty of Agriculture, Kyushu University, Fukuoka 812-8581, Japan 17: Department of System Sciences (Biology), University of Tokyo, Meguro, Tokyo 153-8902, Japan 18: Department of Biology and North Carolina Center for Biodiversity, East Carolina University, Howell Science Complex N303a, Mailstop 551, Greenville, North Carolina 27858-4353, U.S.A. 19: Jodrell Laboratory, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, TW9 3DS, U.K. 20: Naturalis Biodiversity Center, P.O. Box 9517, 2300 RA Leiden, the Netherlands, Leiden University – Section NHN, P.O. Box 9517, 2300RA Leiden, the Netherlands 21: Department of Biology, Graduate School of Science, Chiba University, Chiba 263-8522, Japan 22: Biosystematics Research and Biodiversity Collections Division, South African National Biodiversity Institute, Private Bag X101, Pretoria, 0001 South Africa, H.G.W.J. Schweickerdt Herbarium, Department of Plant Science, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, 0002 South Africa, Centre for Functional Ecology, Departamento de Ciências da Vida, Universidade de Coimbra, 3001-455 Coimbra, Portugal 23: Biosystematics Research and Biodiversity Collections Division, South African National Biodiversity Institute, Private Bag X101, Pretoria, 0001 South Africa

Publication date: April 20, 2013

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