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New names in Gunnerus's Flora Norvegica, and their typification

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A study of Flora Norvegica by Johan Ernst Gunnerus revealed that no less than 39 new species names were validly published in the work. Most of them have not previously been effectively typified, though several of the names are in current use. This is done here, except for those of three sponges (animals), four non-lichenized fungi and five mosses (those in the last-named group are pre-starting-point names). The names of two species, those currently known as Carex norvegica Retz. and Rhizocarpon oederi (Weber) Körber, would need to change as a result of this, unless conservation or rejection proposals to preserve these names are accepted.


Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Department of Natural History, University Museum of Bergen, P.O. Box 7800, Allégt. 41, 5020 Bergen, Norway;, Email:

Publication date: October 11, 2012

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